Online gaming and betting (iGaming) is prevalent in Canada, although in many of its manifestations it is illegal pursuant to the Criminal Code of Canada. The primary exception is that iGaming may be conducted and managed by the government of a province of Canada. In recent years, a number of provincial governments have begun to exercise their prerogatives in the iGaming field. At the time of writing, British Columbia has expanded its iGaming operations to include poker and casino games, where previously it had limited itself to selling lottery tickets online. The Atlantic Lottery Corporation, a consortium of the gaming operations of the four Atlantic provinces (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and Prince Edward Island), has announced plans to expand its iGaming into poker, casino games and sports betting, and the government of Quebec has entered the iGaming field, with plans to offer a full panoply of poker and casino games before the end of 2010.
Unlike the United States, Canadian authorities have to date taken a nonconfrontational attitude toward iGaming based in foreign countries. Such iGaming enterprises often accept customers physically present in Canada, and Canada has seen nothing in the way of an active campaign to prosecute entities involved in such activity, of the kind that has been seen in the United States.