The restrictive regulatory framework for gaming in France consists of a number of statutory instruments and secondary legislation. Considering that part of this land-based regulation goes back to the nineteenth century, French authorities are examining the possibility of regulating remote gaming in more adequately, and in better compliance with EU legal requirements. This chapter addresses criminal liability of remote gaming operators under current French laws, as well as liability of other intermediary actors facilitating remote gaming operators. EU law and European Court of Justice case law are addressed, as are national developments in the field of gambling. It also addresses cross-border gaming and the underlying issues concerning applicable law and competent jurisdiction by referring to landmark French cases.
France recently underwent significant regulatory changes regarding the online gambling market. In June 2010, it introduced a licensing scheme for online gaming operators for sports betting, horse betting and poker.